Polygraphics is a field of technology dealing with printing production processes. Over the centuries, it has changed until it has reached today’s industrial stage, the development of which is at an even faster pace. The printing industry is a special field of production – it includes the development of patterns (form printed) of text and drawing originals, and printing with their use of copies, mostly for the needs of a mass audience.

As in any field of production, printing can also be determined by the technologies used, product characteristics and links with other branches of the economy.

Printing production for food packaging

The development of printing techniques makes it necessary to clarify the printing terminology. Based on ISO 12637, printing production can be divided into stages:

1. Prepress:Food packaging - sample boxes

  • analogue
  • preparation: image design, image preparation and processing, image reproduction, proof production,
  • Image assembly: imposition and execution of the proof,
  • execution of a printed form: mechanical, photochemical, electronic engraving,
  • digital technology,
  • preparation: image design, image preparation and processing, image reproduction, proof production,
  • Image assembly: imposition and execution of the proof,
  • execution of the printing form: electronic engraving, CtF, from computer to substrate, CtP, from computer to electronic image storage medium,

2. Press (printing):

  • tax-free,
  • photochemical: silver halides, diazonia halides,
  • thermochemical: direct thermal,
  • electrochemical: spark discharges,
  • formless,
  • ink-jet: continuous, drop on demand,
  • Thermal transfer media: waxy, thermosublimation,
  • electrostatic (see digital printing): electrographic, electro-photographic, electron flux, magnetographic,
  • form,
  • convex: flexographic, typographic, typoffset,
  • flat: lithographic, lithographic, offset,
  • concave: rotogravure, rotogravure, intaglio, tampon,
  • coloured: silkscreen printing, risographic.

3. Postpress

  • bookbinding processing,
  • refining of printing.
  • shipping.

See how printing production is used for printing food packaging: printpackpoland.com